Africa | July 14, 2017

Nations map contrasting paths for sustainable development

The team at


As the U.N.’s high-level political forum unfolds, the 44 voluntary national reviews being presented are revealing a myriad of different interpretations and strategies for implementing the 2030 Agenda.

In Kenya, the government officially adopted the Sustainable Development Goals last year alongside its domestic “Vision 2030” — an ambitious development framework that aims to “transform Kenya into a newly industrializing, middle-income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens by 2030 in a clean and secure environment.”

Part of that plan involves achieving 10% economic growth every year. The government has assigned SDG oversight to its Ministry of Devolution and Planning, and its immediate focus will be integrating the SDGs into policy and implementing them via all government departments and ministries between 2018 and 2022.

To map its progress, Kenya’s National Bureau of Statistics has been tasked with charting indicators that fit with available or accessible data.

Indonesia, by contrast, is putting the SDG Agenda on hold until 2020, to coincide with the launch of its 2020–2025 and 2025–2045 national development plans. One of its key points of focus will be on financing the SDGs. Indonesia is in the process of building a national framework for issuing green bonds. The government’s hope is that putting in place guidelines for green and sustainable financing will help it leverage private and philanthropic capital.

And in Brazil, the country’s “main message” in its voluntary national review focuses on SDG integration across all levels of government and civil society. Brazil has established a National Commission for the SDGs, with 16 representatives from national, state, and local governments, as well as civic organizations. Local government engagement is lacking in many national 2030 Agenda strategies, (see yesterday’s Brief). Brazil’s National Confederation of Municipalities has developed guidelines for local implementation, starting in 2018.

ImpactAlpha will be digging into the individual reviews in the coming weeks. In the meantime, the “Main Messages” and reviews submitted to date can be found here.